(the Yellow Mountains), formerly Yishan, is one of the most famous scenic spots in China. According to a legendary story, once Huang Di (the Yellow Emperor) made pills of immortality in this mountain, thereafter it has been called Huangshan.
Located in southern Anhui, Huangshan covers an area of 1,200 square kilometers with 40 kilometers from north to south and 30 kilometers from east to west. The scenic spot of Huangshan covers an area of 154 square kilometers; it has 72 famous peaks with Lotus Flower Peak the highest, Heavenly Capital Peak the steepest and Bright Summit the flattest. The three main peaks are higher than 1,800 meters (5,905 ft.) above sea level.
Huangshan is equally beautiful in different seasons throughout the year. As people ascend or descend the mountain, they may feast their eyes on a postcard panorama of the mountain proper in the distance and nearby. Fantastic pines, grotesque rocks, sea of louds, hot spring and winter snow are the five wonders of Mountain Huangshan. It has become an ideal year-round resort for sightseeing, holiday making, winter traveling and summer vacationing.
Xu Xiake, the great traveler of the Ming Dynasty, gave high praise of Huangshan: "He who has hiked Huangshan will be extremely satisfied with the scenery and find worthless of seeing other mountains in the world".
Huangshan is not only famous for its majestic and delicate natural landscape, but is a scenic spot and natural relics of national level which is of great value in scientific and ecological researches.
In 1990, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization officially inscribed Huangshan on the World Heritage List of Cultural and Natural Value. In 2004, it was included in the list of World Geoparks.
It is difficult to single out the most impressive spots in Shexian, Tunxi and Yixian counties at the
bottom of Huangshan because nearly every place is excellent. However, Tangyue Memorial Archways, Xidi and Hongcun Ancient Residences, Old Street in Tunxi, and Huashan Enigmatic Caverns are especially noteworthy. Tourists can gain some perspective on the splendor of China's Hui school of culture and get a feel for the rich folk customs of southern Anhui.
Along with the Yellow River, the Yangtze River and the Great Wall, Mount Huangshan symbolizes the charming and beautiful landscapes of China. Huangshan is widely considered the“most gorgeous mountain in the world”.
The temperature declines sharply from the top to the foot of Mt. Huangshan. It decreases by around 0.6oC in July, and by 0.3 - 0.4oC in January.
The annual mean temperature is as low as 7.8oC and its annual rang 20.8oC only.Weather and Temperature
The climate is characteristic of maritime climate with more cloudy and foggy days and relatively less sunlit time (1810.2 hours on an annual average).
The relative humidity culminates in July and August and reaches the lowest point in December and January with discrepancy of 30% between them.
The high peaks block off the warm and moisture air current. Therefore vehement convection occurs when the warm and moisture air rising along the slope meets the cold air, and then produces the cloud and rain.
There is an annual precipitation of 2,395mm and 183 precipitation days and annual frost-free period of 258 days. The enormous relative height leads to rain down in the mountain and snow up the mountain.
The annual snowing days is 49.1 days on average, from 85 days to 28 days. The frequency of west-south wind blows more frequently than west-north wind.Four Seasons in Mt. Huangshan
The spring in Mt. Huangshan provides you a fresh and gay environment. Flowers blossom among steep cliffs and rocky crevices, of which the amazing colorful azalea is starring in gentle breeze. The singing birds haunt about the greenish pine branches occasionally with squirrels jumping across the path.
The summer in Mt. Huangshan presents you a cool world with pine shades everywhere. The dashing waterfalls on the cliffs contrasting the crystal-clear water in the mountain stream form unique waterscape scenery. On a summer dawn, it is the best time to watch the sunrise with extremely clear sky.
The fall scenery at Mt. Huangshan shows you a magnificent landscape with clear sky and cool air. The red maple-leaves, yellow chrysanthemum on the slopes of the peaks and the prosperous green vegetation form a colorful Chinese painting of landscape. Having enjoyed the fall scenery of Mt. Huangshan, you will really begin to believe that the scenery on Chinese paintings indeed exists on the earth.
The winter in Mt. Huangshan grants you a silver world. The snow and mist constantly kiss the pines, the branches of which are enveloped with the rime or snow most of the season. If you have a Huangshan tour during winter, you will feel that you have stepped into a white fairyland.