SITES IN CHINA UNDER THE PROTECTION OF UNESCO
The China sites are 41: 23 of them are cultural sites, 8 are natural sites e 4 are
cultural and natural sites
Below are listed the 41 sites in China declared World Heritage and placed under
UNESCO protection. A UNESCO World Heritage site is a place of great cultural or
natural value, so that it can be declared World Heritage of all Humanity, and
subject it to special protection and care. A World Heritage site may be a lake, a
mountain, a forest, a desert, a palace, a monument or even a city. When a site is
placed on the UNESCO list, they start a series of procedures and controls to
protect and preserve the site. Even in case of war, all nations are obliged to
respect and protect the sites declared World Heritage.
The great mission of UNESCO began in 1972 with General Conference of UNESCO,
establishing general rules in the Convention Concerning the Protection of World
Cultural and Natural Heritage. The UNESCO Convention has been ratified by 189
states. In the World Heritage List until now were included 936 sites around the
world, 725 are cultural sites, 183 are natural sites, the other 28 are mixed. China
has signed in 1985 theUNESCO International Convention Concerning the Protection of
World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Since then, the Chinese sites included in
UNESCO's list are 41: 23 of these are cultural sites, the natural sites are 8 and 4
are cultural and natural sites.
China: Cultural sites listed as World Heritage
Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains
Group of religious buildings, examples of architecture of Yuan, Ming and Qing
dynasties. Located at Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province. Inserted in the UNESCO list
Ancient City of Ping Yao
An excellent case of perfectly preserved ancient city. Location: Ping Yao County,
Shan Xi Province. Placed in the UNESCO inventory from 1997.
Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui ?Xidi and Hongcun
The villages of Xidi and Hongcun, rare surviving examples of ancient architecture.
Ubication: Yi county, Huangshan city, Anhui . Listed on UNESCO's inventory from
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom
Archaeological remains of 3 cities and 40 tombs (14 tombs are imperial). Placed in
Huanren County, Liaoning Province and Ji’an, Jilin Province. UNESCO protected from
Classical Gardens of Suzhou
Ancient Chinese gardens, recreating natural landscapes in miniature. Positioned at
Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province. Protected by UNESCO from 1997.
Dazu Rock Carvings
Extraordinary group of rock carvings dating (9th - 13th century). Settled in Dazu
County, Chongqing Municipality. Under UNESCO protection from 1999.
A group of 46 fortress-houses built from15th century. Ubicated in Fujian, Jiangxi
and northern Guangdong. Inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage Centre by 2008.
Historic Centre of Macao
Precious testimony to the meeting of East and West. Located at Macao Special
Administrative Region. In the list of UNESCO from 2005.
Historic Monuments of Dengfeng
Mount Songshang, in an area of over a 40 square-kilometre circle, is one of the
main sacred mountain of China. . Location: Dengfeng City, Henan province. Listed on
UNESCO's from 2010.
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
The Forbidden City in Beijing and the Imperial Palace in Shenyang . Ubication:
Beijing and Shenyang. Writed in the UNESCO list from 1987.
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties
The remains of imperial Tombs of the Qing Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty. Placed in
Nanjing City (Xiaoling Tomb); Changping District, Beijing (Ming Tombs). Recorded in
the UNESCO program from 2000.
Kaiping Diaolou and Villages
Multi-storeyed defensive village houses in Kaiping, a fusion of Chinese and Western
elements. Positioned at Guangdong Province. Inserted in the UNESCO list from 2007.
Chinese art, inspired by the Buddhist religion, great example of Chinese stone
carving. Settled in Luoyang City, Henan Province. Placed in the UNESCO inventory
Lushan National Park
The Buddhist and Taoist temples in Mount Lushan constitute one of spiritual centres
of Chinese civilization. Ubicated in Jiujiang City, Jiangxi Province. Listed on
UNESCO's inventory from 1996.
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor
The great wonder of China, thousands of ancient statues discovered in 1974. Located
at Lintong County, Shaanxi Province. UNESCO protected from 1987.
Over 1,000 years of Buddhist art in 495 cells and cave sanctuaries . Location:
Dunhuang County, Gansu Province. Protected by UNESCO from 1987.
Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System
An ingenious irrigation system, built in the 3th century B.C. that create the
fertile farmlands of Chengdu. Ubication: Dujiangyan City, Sichuan Province. Under
UNESCO protection from 2000.
A group of 53 sacred Buddhist monasteries that make Mount Wutai a sacred mountain.
Placed in Shanxi Province. Inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage Centre by 2009.
Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde
The Mountain Resort, a complex of palaces that was the Qing dynasty's summer
palace. Positioned at Chengde City, Hebei Province. In the list of UNESCO from
Old Town of Lijiang
An example of ancient town, high quality architecture and authenticity. Settled in
Lijiang's old town. Listed on UNESCO's from 1997.
Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian
Here was discovered the remains of Sinanthropus pekinensis, works still underway .
Ubicated in Fangshanxian County, Beijing Municipality. Writed in the UNESCO list
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing
The Summer Palace in Beijing is a masterpiece of Chinese imperial garden. Located
at 10 km north-west from Beijing. Recorded in the UNESCO program from 1998.
Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu
Here there are the temple, the cemetery and the family mansion of Confucius.
Location: Qufu City, Shandong Province. Inserted in the UNESCO list from 1994.
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing
The Temple of Heaven, a dignified complex of beautiful religious buildings and
gardens . Ubication: Tiantan Park, Beijing. Placed in the UNESCO inventory from
The Great Wall
A great ancient fortification to form a line defence against invasions from the
north. Placed in 17 province on the North China. Listed on UNESCO's inventory from
West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou
The West Lake, famous from more than 1000 years, has inspired famous poets and
artists. Positioned at Hangzhou City. UNESCO protected from 2011.
The archaeological site of Yin Xu, is an ancient capital city of the late Shang
Dynasty (1300 - 1046 BC). Settled in Henan Province. Protected by UNESCO from 2006.
More than 250 caves and 51,000 statues, an outstanding achievement of ancient cave
art in China. Ubicated in Datong City, Shanxi Province. Under UNESCO protection
China: natural sites listed as World Heritage
China Danxia is constitute by landscapes developed on continental red sedimentary
beds. Located at Shaoguan city, northern Guangdong. Inscribed on UNESCO World
Heritage Centre by 2010.
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area
Snow-capped peaks, Chinese glaciers, diverse forest ecosystems, spectacular
limestone formations, waterfalls and hot springs. Location: Songpan County, Sichuan
Province. In the list of UNESCO from 1992.
Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area
The Jiuzhaigou valley, at height of 4,800 m, comprises a series of diverse forest
ecosystems. . Ubication: Nanping County, Sichuan Province. Listed on UNESCO's from
Mount Sanqingshan National Park
Exceptional scenic spots, with concentration of fantastically shaped pillars and
peaks: 48 granite peaks and 89 granite pillars. Placed in Jiangxi Province. Writed
in the UNESCO list from 2008.
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin
An area with perfect habitat for the giant panda, here lives more than 30% of
existent Pandas. Positioned at Sichuan Province. Recorded in the UNESCO program
South China Karst
The world’s most spectacular examples of tropical and subtropical karst sceneries.
. Settled in Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi. Inserted in the UNESCO list from 2007.
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas
The upper reaches of three great rivers: the Yangtze (Jinsha), the Mekong and the
Salween that run parallel north to south. Ubicated in Yunnan Province. Placed in
the UNESCO inventory from 2003.
Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area
Spectacular site dominated by 3,000 narrow sandstone pillars and peaks, many over
200 m high. . Located at Dayong City, Hunan Province. Listed on UNESCO's inventory
China: cultural and natural sites (mixed) listed as World Heritage
Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area
The first Buddhist temple, built in the beautiful surroundings of Mount Emei. .
Location: Eimeishan City, Sichuan Province. UNESCO protected from 1996.
Huangshan, from thousands years recognized as the most charming mountain in China.
Ubication: Huangshan. Protected by UNESCO from 1990.
The main sacred Mountain in China, breathtaking sceneries with artistic
masterpieces built in perfect harmony with the natural landscape. In the cities of
Tai’an and Jinan in central Shandong Province. Under UNESCO protection from 1987.
Mount Wuyi is an important area for biodiversity conservation in south-east China.
Positioned at Wuyishan City, Fujian Province. Inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage
Centre by 1999.
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